Kishkinda Kandam

31. Lakshmana Reaches Kishkinda

[Lakshmana reaches Kishkinda burning with anger and sends word to Sugreeva. Being drunk and engaged in making love to Tara, Sugreeva is not bothered. The monkeys are scared and two monkey ministers try to reason t out with Sugreeva.]

Looking at the lovelorn, pitiable indomitable hero and who was greatly grieving, the son of the king who was the younger brother of Rama became extremely angry and told his elder brother. 31.1

"A monkey does not have good character, is not bothered about fruits of Karma and will not enjoy the wealth of the monkey kingdom and does not think about the future." 31.2

"He would be greatly attached to sensual pleasures and does not have love towards us who have helped him and Oh warrior, he wanted to see us killing his brother and I feel we should not have given the kingdom to a characterless person like him." 31.3

"I am not able to control my anger which is rising very fast and I would kill that liar Sugreeva and let the son of Vali along with other monkey lords go in search of Sita." 31.4

"To that killer of enemies who told like this with anger as a prelude to war and who had bent himself for wielding the bow and arrow told Rama told his opinion in conciliatory words. 31.5

"A person like you should not do a sin like that in this world for a valorous person capable of killing his anger is the best of men." 31.6

"Oh Lakshmana, since you are well behaved, you should not think like that. You should like earlier follow the path of love and friendship." 31.7

"You should give up using harsh words but talk in a soft conciliatory fashion to Sugreeva who has exceeded the limit imposed on time." 31.8

Told like this by his elder brother, right away that bull among men, the valorous Lakshmana, the killer of enemies entered the city. 31.9

That good hearted wise Lakshmana who was interested in doing good to his brother, who resembled the God of death at time of deluge, who was interested to retaliate, and who was like Mandhara Mountain, holding a bow which was similar to that of Indra and which resembled the mountain peak entered the home of the great monkey. 31.10-31.11

That brother of Rama, Lakshmana who was faithful and equal to Bruhaspathi [Jupiter] in wisdom thought over what he will ask and what reply he would give. But he was burning with anger due to the rising passion and anger of his elder brother and he entered like a storm in to that house." 31.12-31.13

He went quickly and fell several Sala, Tala and Aswakarna trees on the way and also felled mountain peaks and many other trees, broke big stones under his feet and followed the single pathway wanting to complete his mission swiftly. 31.14-31.15

That tiger of the Ikshuvaku clan saw that, the great city of monkeys located in between mountains was filled by a large army and was inaccessible. 31.16

The lips of Lakshmana quivered due to his great anger with Sugreeva and he saw the gates of Kishkinda guarded by huge soldiers who were fierce. 31.17

All those monkey chiefs who were like elephants seeing Lakshmana the bull among men picked up hundreds of mountain peaks and hundreds of fully grown trees as well as rocks. 31.18

When Lakshmana saw all those monkeys who were holding weapons, like the burning fire when abundant firewood is present his anger doubled. 31.19

Hundreds of those monkeys seeing the anger of Lakshmana, who looked like the god of death at final deluge, with limbs shaking in fear, ran away in different directions. 31.20

Those monkey lords entered the home of Sugreeva and told him about the arrival of Lakshmana as also his anger. 31.21

The bull among monkeys who was passionately engaged in love play with Tara, did not pay any attention to the words of the monkey warriors. 31.22

Those monkeys looking like a huge mountain, elephant and a huge cloud came out as instructed by the ministers creating horripilation. 31.23

The horrifying monkeys looking like and were having weapons of claws and teeth like tigers and were horrible to look at with deformed faces. 31.24

All those monkeys were of equal valor with some of them possessing strength of ten elephants, some that of hundred elephants and some possessing strength of thousand elephants. 31.25

The exceedingly angry Lakshmana saw that the entire placed was filled up with very strong monkeys armed with trees and were spread out and that Kishkinda was inaccessible. 31.26

Then all those monkeys of exceedingly great strength came out of the enclosure and stood there, revealing their appearance. 31.27

That sensitive warrior Lakshmana seeing the dereliction of duty of Sugreeva and the helplessness of his brother, once again became highly infuriated. 31.28

Taking a deep hot breath and with eyes turned red due to anger that tiger among men appeared like a raging fire. 31.29

With the iron nails placed on his arrow appearing like fangs, the bow appearing like a snake and with his luster as the poison, Lakshmana looked like five hooded snake. 31.30

The greatly worried Angadha approached him who was burning like the fire of death and angry like the king of snakes with fear and great worry. 31.31

That very famous Lakshmana with blood red eyes sent message through Angadha, "Oh Lad go and inform Sugreeva that I have come." 31.32

"Oh lad who is the subduer of your enemies, you may tell Sugreeva that, "The younger brother of Rama, who is burning with grief has come to see you. He is waiting for you at the door greatly worried by the grief of his brother. If you like you can please do his work ", and having spoken like this you please come back." 31.33-31.34

Hearing the words of Lakshmana, Angadha became very sad and he went near to his father and told him, "The son of Sumithra has come." 31.35

Angadha on hearing the words of Lakshmana, with a face turned pale and with an agitated mind prostrated first to the king and then offered salutations to the feet of Ruma. 31.36

The highly powerful Angadha held the feet of his father and then again held the feet of his mother, then pressing the feet of Ruma revealed the message to him. 31.37

That monkey under the influence of sleep and drinks did not come back to his senses as he was greatly intoxicated and was influenced by the lord of love. 31.38

The monkeys seeing the angry Lakshmana, with a heart full of great fear made sounds like "Kila, kila" so as to please Lakshmana. 31.39

Seeing him advance like a great flood and hearing his voice which was like a thunderbolt, they all went near Sugreeva and roared like a lion, equaling his voice. 31.40

By that very great sound the monkey was awakened and he was having red eyes due to intoxication and all his ornaments were in disarray. 31.41

After listening to the words of Angadha, two ministers called Plaksha and Prabhava both of whom had the permission to go to see the wives of the king and who were in charge of wealth and Dharma went along with Angadha, and reported to Sugreeva the arrival of Lakshmana and spoke about several aspects. 31.42-31.43

By speaking conciliatory words they pleased Sugreeva and sat near him who was like Indra the lord of Maruths. 31.44

"The great brothers Rama and Lakshmana are votaries of truth though they merited their kingdom; they have given it up and come here extending friendship to you." 31.45

"One of them Lakshmana having a bow in his hand is standing near our gate and the monkeys who are trembling with fear have run away." 31.46

"Lakshmana who is the brother of Rama is one who steers the chariot of the needed action of Rama, and he has reached here as per the order of Rama." 31.47

"Oh sinless king, Lakshmana has sent dear Angadha, who is the son of Tara to your presence." 31.48

"Oh lord of monkeys, that valorous man is standing near our gate with eyes filled with anger, as if he wants to burn the monkeys with his eyes." 31.49

"Oh king, you go quickly along with your son and relatives and salute him, so that the results of his anger can be averted." 31.50

"Oh king, with a steady mind complete the task of Rama and honour your agreement with him and keep up your promise." 31.51

This is the end of Thirty First Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

32. Hanuman Advices Sugreeva

[When Sugreeva says that he does not understand why Lakshmana is angry, Hanuman tells him that he has not noticed the arrival of autumn and did not take action to fulfill requirement of Rama. He tells him to go before Rama with a bowed head.]

After hearing the words of Angadha, the self respecting Sugreeva along with his ministers, hearing that Lakshmana was angry, left his seat. 32.1

Sugreeva who was expert and diligent in strategies, after determining the pros and cons spoke the following to his ministers who were experts in state craft. 32.2

"I have not spoken a wrong word nor have I done a wrong act and I am thinking why Rama and Lakshmana should get angry with me." 32.3

"Some unkind and unfriendly people, who are always searching for my weakness might have told brother of Rama about my mistakes which are lies." 32.4

"In this case all of you should find out as per your reasoning meticulously the reason about this opinion of Lakshmana along with steady reason for that." 32.5

"I do not have any special fear either towards Rama and Lakshmana, but because a friend is agitated, I too am agitated." 32.6

"It is easy to earn a friend but difficult to maintain friendship as the mind has temporary likes and dislikes which will break the stable friendship." 32.7

"Because of this I fear the great soul Rama because I could not extend a help to him for the help done by him." 32.8

When Sugreeva told this, Hanuman the great monkey lord who was in the middle of monkey ministers told these words according to his logic. 32.9

"Oh king of the groups of monkeys, forgetting the friendly help done to you is indeed surprising." 32.10

"The greatly valorous Rama pushing aside his fear, for the sake of your friendship killed Vali who is as valorous as Indra." 32.11

"Without any doubt Rama is angry with you due to his friendship with you and only for that reason he has sent Lakshmana, who is the giver of prosperity." 32.12

"Though you are expert in knowing time, you were not alert enough to notice the lush green season and blooming of Sapthachadha flowers, heralding the onset of autumn." 32.13

"With the disappearance of clouds the planets and stars are clearly visible and the rivers, tanks and different directions are also looking pleasant." 32.14

"Oh king of monkeys, though the proper time for war efforts have come, you had not noticed it as you have been intoxicated and it is sure Lakshmana has come here because of that." 32.15
"You should endure the harsh words of the great Raghava as he is anguished because his wife has been stolen and he has magnanimously helped you by giving the kingdom." 32.16

"Having committed a mistake I do not find any other alternative except by saluting him with folded hands and requesting his excuse." 32.17

"The ministers who have been chosen should give good advice to the king after giving up fear and by these words I am telling you what I think." 32.18

"A very angry Raghava using his bow can control the entire world including devas, asuras and Gandharwas." 32.19

"Any one who has received favours from another person should not forget it and it is not proper for you to make him angry or upset." 32.20

"Oh king, Along with your son and friends, go and stand before him with a bowed head, like a wife stands before her husband." 32.21

"Oh king of monkeys, it is not proper for you to overlook the words of Rama or his brother in your mind. The strength of a human being like Rama who is equal to Indra is realized only by the mind." 32.22

This is the end of Thirty Second Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

33. Tara Pacifies Lakshmana

[Being scared Sugreeva sends Tara to pacify Lakshmana. She tells Lakshmana that the mistake has been done but she also tells him that monkeys from all over the world have started arriving. She takes Lakshmana in side the king's private chamber.]

Then Angadha invited Lakshmana, the slayer of enemies and he entered the pretty cave of Kishkinda as per the orders of Rama. 33.1

Then the strong and huge bodied monkeys standing at the gate seeing Lakshmana who was coming in stood with hands saluting him. 33.2

Seeing him who was the son of the king Dasaratha, very angry and taking deep breaths entering inside, they were scared and did not stand surrounding him. 33.3

The glorious Lakshmana saw the great cave decorated by precious gems, having flowering gardens and with many objects studded with gems. 33.4

With mansions and multi storey buildings and shining with the studded gems, with trees bearing all types of fruits, and with blossomed flowers, the cave was shining. 33.5

Those monkeys there, were the sons of Devas and Gandharwas and could change their form according to their wish, were good to look at, were shining with divine garlands. 33.6

With a sweet smell of Sandal, Agaru and lotus pastes it was having a divine scent and with smell of liquor prepared the paths were highly exhilarated. 33.7

He saw there, big multi storey houses resembling Vindhya and Meru Mountain and also saw Mountain Rivers with pure water. 33.8

On the royal avenue, Lakshmana saw the pretty home of Angadha and the greet homes of monkey lords Mainda, Dvividha, Gavaya, Gavaksha, Gaja, Sharabha, Vidhyunamali, Sampathi, Sooryaksha, Hanuman, Veerabahu, Subahu, Nala, the great Kumudha, Sushena, Thara, Jambhavan, Dadhivakthra, neela, Patala and Sunethra. 33.9-33.12

They shined like silver clouds and had flower garlands and scents and also had wealth and grains and also gem like shining ladies. 33.13

The pretty inaccessible palace of the king of monkeys was surrounded by a white mountain and was looking like the palace of the great Indra and the tall building was like a peak in Kailasa mountain, It had all the desired fruits and shining trees in bloom which were given by Indra and shined like blue rich clouds which yielded divine fruits and provided cool shade. Excellent garlands were strung round the palace and huge monkeys wielding weapons were screening its gateways, while its main archway cast in refined golden was looking great And the very bold Lakshmana without opposition entered such a fascinating palace of Sugreeva, similar to the sun entering a colossal cloud. 33.14-33.18

Lakshmana passed through seven courtyards which were provided with seats for relaxation and then he saw the great secret private apartments of Sugreeva. , in which several golden cots as well as blessed chairs were provided and here and there he saw that very luxurious upholstery were provided. 33.19-33.20

As soon as he entered there he heard very sweet notes which was accompanied by music of stringed instruments, drums and lyrics with poetic words. 33.21

That strong one, saw in the home of Sugreeva, young ladies with different type of features who were proud of themselves. 33.22

Lakshmana saw there, ladies of great birth, engrossed in making garlands with flowers as well as flower tassels and who were wearing very valuable ornaments. None of them seemed to be not satisfied or not greatly strained and were dressed exceedingly well and even the attendants of Sugreeva looked good. 33.23-33.24

The gentle son of Sumithra felt embarrassed on hearing the sound of silver anklets and golden cincture. 33.25

That Lakshmana on hearing the sound of golden ornaments of the lady monkeys was hurt and highly provoked in anger twanged his bow and this sound filled all directions. 33.26

That Lakshmana of sterling character, great strength was hurt by that sound when he compared to the lonely Rama who had only sorrow for company. 33.27

The king of monkeys Sugreeva hearing the twang sound of his bow was startled up from his seat of luxury as he knew that Lakshmana has arrived. 33.28

"Like Angadha informed me earlier, it is clear that the son of Sumithra who loves his brother has very much arrived." 33.29

The intelligent monkey thought that as told by Angadha earlier and also by the twang sound of the bow, Lakshmana has come and then his face become dried up. 33.30

With a worried and bewildered mind that king of monkeys Sugreeva told the following words of advantage to the good looking Tara in a deliberate voice. 33.31

"What is the reason of grudge to this brother of Rama who talks in a soft way and why has he reached here with so much disdain?" 33.32

"Oh Tara without any blemish, what do you think is the reason for the anger of this lad as that best of men will not get angry without any cause?" 33.33

"If you consider that we have done even a little thing which he did not like you determine with your quick wittedness and inform me immediately." 33.34

"Otherwise oh pretty lady, you yourself see him personally and with words which are soft and conciliatory please him." 33.35

"That pure one on seeing you will not show his anger as for great people do not exhibit their anger before ladies." 33.36

"If you go near and talk to him conciliatory words, he would be greatly pacified and then only I would be able to see the lotus eyed one who is a slayer of his enemies." 33.37

That Tara, who was tipsy eyed due to exuberance, who was with golden waist belt hanging down, who has exquisite features, with a body bent like stick went in to the presence of Lakshmana with a very shaking gait. 33.38

That great one observed her who was the wife of the king of monkeys without any emotion and that son of the king bent his face down backed down his anger due to his being near a lady. 33.39

She who did not have any shyness due to her being drunk, pleased the son of a king by her look and then Tara who was an expert in love told these great words which were conciliatory. 33.40

"Oh son of the king of human beings, what is the reason for your anger? Who is not obeying your order? And who is that person who is like a dried wood and inviting the forest fire of your anger?" 33.41

Having heard the words of Tara spoken pleasant and friendly manner without any hesitation, Lakshmana spoke. 33.42

"Oh Lady, your husband has made passion as his habit and is not following Dharma and Artha and though you are supposed to know his mind, do you not know about this?" 33.43

"Oh Tara, he does not think about the kingdom nor about us who are sorrowing but he is engaged only with drinking along with his ministers." 33.44

"That lord of monkeys having promised to take action after four months, has wasted his time in drinks and strolling and does not realize that the time has been exceeded." 33.45

"To those who follow Dharma and Artha drinking is not recommended for by drinking, wealth, dharma and desire would get reduced." 33.46

"Not rendering help in return to those who have extended great help causes violation of Dharma and loss of good friend leads to loss of wealth and destruction." 33.47

"Sugreeva has forsaken two friends who are votaries of truth and observers of Dharma and excel in the properties of Artha and so Dharma does not observe Dharma." 33.48

"Oh expert in principle of jobs, our job has now come to a standstill and therefore our job is unfinished and you may please tell us what to do in this situation." 33.49

Tara listening to those words which were according to principles of Dharma and Artha and had the property of sweetness, spoke decisively and faithfully about the job pertaining to the king of men, Rama. 33.50

"Oh Son of a king, do not get angry for it is not proper to get angry on your own people. On people who desire to do your work, oh valorous one, you should not find mistake." 33.51

"Oh young lad, how come this anger in you who is endowed with all virtues, that too, on a person who is weak? How can you who are good and a source of great penance fall in the grips of anger? 33.52

"I know about the great anger of the friend of the monkey lord. I know about the time limit set for taking up the job. I know about the fact that the job has not been done and I also know the task that remains to be done." 33.53

"Oh great man, I know about the strength of the passion born out of body. I know about the lack of interest of Sugreeva about the job that is bound to be done." 33.54

"Since your mind is caught up with anger, you do not think about matters of passion but one who is under the influence of passion does not bother about time and place and does not bother about Dharma." 33.55

"oh destroyer of enemies, please pardon your brother who is the lord of the monkey clan who being near me, is in love with me and makes shamelessly passionate advances towards me." 33.56

"Sages who love Dharma and penance closely follow the course of their desire fulfillment when entangled in lust but Sugreeva is an impulsive monkey and a king also and how can he avoid being entangled in passionate activities." 33.57

After saying these very meaningful words that lady monkey who has fluttering eyes due to passion started speaking to the matchless Lakshmana, words which would be beneficial to her playful husband. 33.58

"Oh best among men, though he is imprisoned by passion that Sugreeva has started making efforts long back to achieve your objective." 33.59

"Very valorous monkeys, who can assume any form they like in hundreds, thousands and crores who are residing in different mountains have already arrived." 33.60

"Oh long armed Lakshmana, I know that you are trying to protect your character but you can come inside the palace since it is not a sin to see the wife of a friend with friendly feeling." 33.61

The valorous hero and the killer of enemies quickly entered the private apartments of the king as per the words of Tara and in view of urgency of the situation. 33.62

Then Lakshmana saw famous Sugreeva seated on a golden throne, decorated all round with cushions, decorated with ornaments of different colours which was pretty in appearance, adorned with beautiful garlands and clothes. He was surrounded by women adorned with most fascinating ornaments and garlands. Bewildered at the sight Lakshmana's eyes turned red in anger. He appeared like Yama the lord of death. 33.63-33.65

Sugreeva whose complexion was like that of rich gold was seated on an blessed seat tightly embracing his wife Ruma, and that brave one has seen Lakshmana whose heroism is never-varying and, that suspiciously wide-eyed Sugreeva made sheep eyes at the furiously broad-eyed Lakshmana. 33.66

This is the end of Thirty Third Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

34. Lakshmana Shouts at Sugreeva

[Lalshmana Is upset by the bad behavior of Sugreeva, He shouts at him and also threatens him.]

Seeing Lakshmana that bull of men who cannot be stopped entering with great anger, Sugreeva was greatly disturbed in his sense organs. 34.1

Seeing that angry son of Dasaratha who was taking deep breath, who was shining with luster and who was burning with anger at the sorrow of his brother, that monkey chief got up from his golden seat which was like the decorated flag of great Indra and stood up. 34.2-34.3

When Sugreeva jumped up and moved forward, Ruma and other ladies followed him, like all the stars following the moon. 34.4

That prosperous red eyed one saluted Lakshmana and started shivering and became like the great Kalpa tree. 34.5

Seeing Sugreeva along with Ruma and occupying a place in the middle of ladies, like the moon being in the middle of stars, Lakshmana got enraged and told. 34.6

"Only a strong king of good heritage, who is compassionate, who can control his senses and who is grateful and truthful can excel in this world." 34.7

"What could be more malicious than that king who does not follow Dharma who makes false promises to his friends?" 34.8

"If a person promises one horse and does not give it, he gets the sin of killing hundred manes and if he promises a cow and does not give it, he gets the sin of killing one thousand manes and if he promises to help a person and does not it, he gets the sin of committing suicide and killing all his relations."34.9

"Oh lord of monkeys, among all beings, a person who is helped by another as per promise and does not help that friend in return is ungrateful and he deserves to be killed." 34.10

"Oh monkey, you might be knowing that after seeing an ungrateful person, an outraged Brahman sang this verse." 34.11

"To the one who kills a Brahmin or one who drinks liquor or to the thief or to one who breaks a ritual vow there is atonement but not to the ungrateful person." 34.12

"Oh monkey, you are, not a gentleman but an ungrateful person and a liar because you who were indebted to Rama has not done anything in return." 34.13

"Oh monkey, if you are indeed grateful to Rama, you should have done search for Sita and at least now you should take it up." 34.14

"Due to your interest in activities of passion, you have falsified your promise and unfortunately Rama could not identify you who is a snake croaking like a frog." 34.15

"That great soul Rama has shown mercy on you who is a sinner and a bad soul, the kingdom of Monkeys." 34.16

"If presently you do not recognize the help rendered by Rama who can accomplish any task easily would make you see Vali, using his very sharp arrows." 34.17

"The path went by Vali after his death is not a narrow one and so please stand by the agreement with Rama, if you do not want to follow Vali." 34.18

"You have not faced the arrows released from the bow of that son of Ikshuvaku race, which are like thunderbolts and that is why you are resorting to enjoyment of pleasures without bothering about doing the job of Rama." 34.19

This is the end of Thirty Fourth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

35. Tara's Convincing Answer

[Tara tells Lakshmana that the only wrong that Sugreeva did was not realizing the time. She tells him that lots of soldiers are required to kill Ravana and he has sent for monkey and bear soldiers.]

When the son of Sumithra who was glowing like a flame told like this, Tara who has a face like moon, told Lakshmana. 35.1

"No Lakshmana, Such harsh words should not be have been used while talking with the king of monkeys. This is especially true as regards you." 35.2

"Oh valorous one, Sugreeva is not ungrateful, adamant, pitiable, a teller of lies, dishonest or crooked." 35.3

"Oh valorous one, that monkey has not forgotten the help rendered by Rama by fighting a war which would have been difficult to others." 35.4

"It is by the grace of Rama that he got fame, the stable kingdom of monkeys, me as well as Ruma, Oh destroyer of enemies." 35.5

"He who was not sleeping due to sorrow has now attained great happiness but unfortunately he has not realized that the proper time has come like sage Viswamithra." 35.6

"The great sage was carrying on union with an Apsaras called Grithachi for ten years, though he thought it was only for a day." 35.7

"Even such and noble and valiant sage like Viswamithra who was an expert about knowledge of time did not realize about passage of time and what we can we tell about an ordinary man." 35.8

"As a person who is fed up due to not being able to satisfy his passion, he is now attending to his physical needs and for that now you may pardon him." 35.9

"Oh Lakshmana without knowing about the truth about Sugreeva, it was not proper for you to get into rage like this." 35.10

"Oh Bull among men, people like you, who are votaries of truth, without thinking and with rash nature do not get angry like this." 35.11

"Oh follower of Dharma show your grace and for sake of Sugreeva become composed and give this agitation arising out of great anger." 35.12

"I feel that for the sake of pleasing Rama, Sugreeva would give up even Ruma, me, monkey kingdom, grains, wealth, treasures." 35.13

"Sugreeva would reunite Sita with Rama, like joining Rohini with moon, after killing Ravana in a war." 35.14

"The total number of Rakshasas in Lanka is supposed to one trillion, thirty nine thousand and six hundred." 35.15

"Without killing these unassailable Rakshasas who can take any form that they wish, it is not possible to kill Ravana who has stolen Sita." 35.16

"Oh Lakshmana, it is also not possible kill Ravana in war without any other help, especially to Sugreeva." 35.17

"The well informed Vali who is the lord of monkeys has told to Sugreeva about this and I do not know where from he got this information." 35.18

"The Lord of monkeys, for the sake of helping you in the battle, has called many monkeys to summon many monkeys and monkey lords." 35.19

"Sugreeva is awaiting those very strong and valorous monkeys for accomplishing the task of Rama and so he has not still started." 35.20

"Oh Lakshmana, since Sugreeva has already promulgated a decree, all those monkeys would be arriving any time now." 35.21

"One thousand crores of bears, hundreds of apes and several crores of monkeys with great luster will arrive today and attend to your needs and so give up your anger now." 35.22

"By seeing your very angry face as well as blood red eyes, the monkey ladies would lose their peace and would start suspecting their earlier fear." 35.23

This is the end of Thirty Fifth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

36. Sugreeva's Admission of Mistake

[Seeing that Lakshmana is pacified by Tara, Sugreeva talks with Lakshmana. He tells him that he is sorry and promises that he will do everything that is needed. Lakshmana requests Sugreeva to come with him to console Rama.]

Hearing these courteous words of Tara, which were according to dharma, the son of Sumithra who has a gentle nature accepted her words. 36.1

As soon as her words were accepted, the king of the monkey groups cast off his great fear like one casts off the wet cloth. 36.2

Then Sugreeva, the lord of monkeys broke off the very colorful, fresh and fragrant garland that he was wearing on his neck and got rid of his drunken stupor. 36.3

The Lord of all monkeys spoke these polite and pleasing words to the very strong Lakshmana. 36.4

"Oh son of Sumithra, It is only by the grace of Rama that I got back my wealth, fame and the stable kingdom of monkeys." 36.5

"Oh destroyer of enemies, Lakshmana, Rama is famous for his god like deeds and to a person of that great valour, who can afford to repay?" 36.6

"That Raghava by his own valour can reach Sita and also can kill Ravana and I can only provide assistance." 36.7

"What type of help can be provided to him who has pierced with one arrow the seven Sala trees, earth and mountain ?" 36.8

"By the sound of the twang of his bow, Oh Lakshmana, mountains and earth tremble and what type of help can I provide him." 36.9

"Oh bull among men, when that king among men goes to kill Ravana along with his armies and relations, I can only walk behind him." 36.10

"If I have committed an excess due to love and faith that I have in him, he should pardon me like a servant, for who in this earth does not do mistakes." 36.11

When the great soul Sugreeva spoke like this, Lakshmana felt happy and with love and affection he told. 36.12

"Oh king of monkeys, my brother always is with a protector and if you are his courteous protector it would be really great." 36.13

"Oh Sugreeva, by your power, purity, straightforward nature you deserve the kingdom of monkeys and so enjoy it." 36.14

"The famous Rama with your help Sugreeva, will shortly kill all his enemies and there is no doubt about it." 36.15

"Oh Sugreeva your words are very true and suitable because you are a votary of dharma, a grateful one, and one who never retreats in a battle." 36.16

"Oh best among monkeys, except for you and my brother who can speak like this about one's defects knowing well about his merits?" 36.17

"You are equal to Rama in your strength and valour and Oh great monkey, only by the decree of fate you have come to help us." 36.18

"Oh valorous one, without any delay start with me so that we can together console Rama who is grieving because of the abduction of his wife." 36.19

"After hearing the words of Rama laden with sorrow, I spoke to you those harsh words and so please excuse me." 36.20

This is the end of Thirty Sixth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

37. Monkey Warriors Arrival

[As per Sugreeva's instruction, large number of monkey lords were sent all over the world to summon monkeys to help Rama. Most of them start arriving in Kishkinda being scared.]

When Sugreeva was addressed this way by Lakshmana, Sugreeva told Hanuman the minister who was standing nearby. 37.1

"Please send word to the monkeys available on the summits of these five mountains, namely, Mahendra, Himalaya, Vindhya, and Kailash and those that are on the white peak of Mandara, as well as those that are on the mountains at seashore, udaya adri, namely 'sunrise-mountain,' which mountains will always be dazzling with the light of youthful sun, and to them that are on the mountains which shine in the purple colour of evening clouds, asta adri, namely 'sunset-mountain' and which mountains are situated at the Palace of Sun. And the catastrophic monkey chiefs that are abiding in the palm groves of Padma and also to the monkeys who are similar to black-mascara and black-clouds in their shine, and who match elephants in their vigour, and who live on Anjana, they too are to be called over here Those monkeys whose complexion will be golden and dwell in the caves of Great-Mountain, besides those who are on the mountainsides of Meru, and those living on the Black-Red mountain, along with those topmost speeded monkeys living on the Great-Ochre mountain who would be swilling palm-toddy, these are to be summoned. Further, the monkeys who will be in the tinge of rising sun and who dwell in the highly delightful, richly fragrant and lofty woodlands that are surrounded with the delightful hermitages of sages are to be summoned. Along with them, the monkeys who are in the interiors of forests, they are also to be called for. Why only these few? All those monkeys that are on the earth, all of them are to be assembled. Oh, Hanuman, you quickly summon all of the topmost speeded monkeys by employing concessions, conciliations and other similar procedures." 37.2-37.9

"Also those swift messengers who have been sent earlier are to be hastened up by you by sending other monkeys to contact them." 37.10

"As per command you also collect those monkeys who are engaged in affairs of passion and also those who act slowly." 37.11

"Those bad monkeys who disobey my order and do not come back within ten days are to be killed, due to their breaking the order of the king." 37.12

"These hundreds of thousands of crores of monkeys similar to lion, who are obedient to my orders are to be sent to different directions." 37.13

"The best among monkeys, who are similar to cloud and mountains, will go because of my command all over the sky." 37.14

"Let all the monkeys of the world, be located and their movements studied and be brought here as per command." 37.15

As soon as Hanuman the son of wind God heard these words of the king, he sent word to all directions, for all the advancing monkeys. 37.16

In a split-second, the monkeys that were sent by the king of monkeys jumped in to sky, to the airways of birds and stars on their way, and indeed reached the vault of heaven, which was once trodden by Vishnu. 37.17

Those monkeys drove all the monkeys towards seas, mountains, forests and tanks in order to serve the cause of Rama." 37.18

Hearing the death like order of their great king Sugreeva, they all came at once scared of Sugreeva's order. 37.19

Then from the mountains three crores swift moving monkeys who were black like collyrium came out to meet Raghava. 37.20

Ten crore monkeys residing on the mountain, where the sun sets, who were shining like molten gold, came out. 37.21

One thousand crores of them who were of the colour of the mane of the lion came from the top of Kailasa mountain. 37.22

Thousand- thousand crores of monkeys living on fruits and roots came from Himalayas. 37.23

One crore of monkeys living on Vindhya mountains who were huge, did great deeds and who were like fire came very swiftly. 37.24

Innumerable monkey residents of the Thamala forest on the banks of the ocean of milk which fed in the coconut grove also came. 37.25

The swift moving monkeys army from, forests, caves, river banks came blocking the sun and it looked like they were drinking the sun. 37.26

Those monkeys who were sent earlier to hasten up other monkeys reached the Himavath mountain and saw there, great trees. 37.27

On this blessed and pretty mountain one divine and mind bewitching Yagna dedicated to Lord Shiva which made the minds of all devas happy was conducted earlier. 37.28

The monkeys found that the fruits of trees and roots produced from the scattering of the offerings during the Yagna were tasting like nectar. 37.29

Those pretty fruits and roots grown out of the scattering of offerings during the Yagna, satisfied the one who eats them for a month. 37.30

Those fruit eating monkey leaders collected those divine fruits and roots as well as the divine medicines which were growing there. 37.31

From that sacrificial altar the monkeys collected sweet smelling flowers, so that they can please Sugreeva. 37.32

All those chosen monkeys for guiding all the monkey herds of the world, proceeded swiftly in front of them. 37.33

In a short while those monkey herds who have earlier gone to bring other monkeys reached Kishkinda by moving very swiftly and met Sugreeva. 37.34

Those monkeys who had collected several medicinal herbs, fruits and roots offered them to Sugreeva as gift and spoke the following words. 37.35

"We have covered all the oceans, mountains, forests in the entire earth and as per the order the monkeys from there, would be coming here very soon." 37.36

Then the king of monkeys Sugreeva, hearing this became very happy and accepted all the gifts that were brought to him. 37.37

This is the end of Thirty Seventh Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

38. Sugreeva Meets Rama

[Sugreeva along with Lakshmana goes and meets Rama who is very pleased to see the huge army of monkeys.]

After receiving all the gifts brought by them and after pleasing all monkeys Sugreeva permitted them to go. 38.1

After sending back the monkeys heroes who have done their work, he wanted to do some meaningful work to Rama. 38.2

That Lakshmana of great strength, made Sugreeva the foremost among monkeys happy and told these humble words to him, "If it pleases you, let us go out of Kishkinda [to meet Rama]." 38.3

Hearing those well spoken words of Lakshmana, Sugreeva was greatly pleased and told," As you please, we would go as I would obey your command." 38.4-38.5

After saying these words to the auspicious looking Lakshmana, he sent back all monkey women including Tara." 38.6

Then Sugreeva in a loud voice shouted, "come here" and hearing his words the monkeys came in speedily and stood there in salutation as they were permitted to see the lady folk of the palace." 38.7

Then that king who had similar luster like the Sun told, "Immediately bring my palanquin and position it." 38.8

As soon as the valorous monkeys heard these words, they immediately set up the good looking palanquin before him. 38.9

That king of the monkeys seeing that the palanquin was set up addressed the son of Sumithra and said, "Please get in to the Palanquin quickly." 38.10

Saying this that Sugreeva who was similar to Sun in luster ascended that golden palanquin with Lakshmana and it was carried by very strong monkeys. 38.11

The incomparable Sugreeva having attained the royal prosperity was greeted by the monkeys and a white umbrella was held over his head, fans made of yak tails were used to fan him and with the heralding sound of drums and conches set out from there." 38.12-38.13

Then accompanied by hundreds of monkeys armed with sharp weapons, he started going to the place where Rama was there. 38.14

Having reached the place where the great Rama was residing, Sugreeva descended from the palanquin with great luster along with Lakshmana. 38.15

He then approached Rama and stood before him in salutation and when he was standing in salutation, the other monkeys also entered there. 38.16

Rama seeing the monkey army who were standing like Lotus buds in a pond was greatly pleased. 38.17
When the Lord of monkeys saluted Rama with his head touching Rama's feet, Rama lifted him up and embraced him with love and great regard. 38.18

After embracing him that soul of Dharma asked him to take his seat and when he saw him sitting on the earth, he told him. 38.19

"Oh valorous one, Oh great and good monkey, he who apportions Dharma, Artha and Kama properly according to time deserves to be the king." 38.20

"The one who gives up Dharma and Artha and attends to only on Kama [passion] is like a man sleeping on the tree and would realize it only when he falls down." 38.21

"That king who kills his enemies and looks after his friends would get results of Dharma, Artha and Kama by the Dharma that he practices." 38.22

"Oh destroyer of enemies, the time to do the job has already come and so you may think over about it with your ministers and other monkeys." 38.23

When Sugreeva heard these words of Rama, he told,"Oh great armed one, the wealth, fame and stable monkey kingdom which was lost me was redeemed by your grace" 38.24-38.25

"Oh Lord, oh greatest among the victorious, that one who accomplishes things by you and your brother's help, if he does not return it is despicable." 38.26

"Oh killer of enemies, hundreds of strong monkey chieftains have collected all the monkeys of the earth and they are all here." 38.27

"Oh Raghava, The fierce looking and valiant bears and apes are well aware of the inaccessible forest fortresses have been brought and those monkeys who are the sons of Devas and Gandharwas can assume any form that they like and all of them are coming surrounded by their armies." 38.28-38.29

"Oh destroyer of enemies! The monkeys in hundred thousand crores [Lakhs], crores, Ayutas [ten crores] Sanku, Arbuda, hundred Arbudas, Madhyas, Antyas, Samudras and Paradhya are expected to come.['one, ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, one lakh, prayutam'ten lakhs or a million, then a crore and then an arbuda ten-crore or a billion, and then ten arbuda-s makes one bRinda and ten brinda-s make one kharva and ten kharva-s make one nikharva and ten nikharva-s make one mahaa padma and ten mahaa padma-s make one shanku'one lakh crores or a trillion, and ten shanku-s make one samudra and then ten samudra-s make one antya and ten antya-s make a madhya and ten madhya make one paradhya] O king, they are equal to lord Indra in valour and appear like mountains Meru and Mandara and residents of Vindhya and Meru mountains." 38.30-38.32

"These monkeys who are capable of killing Rakshasa Ravana along with his family and bring back Sita would be coming soon here." 38.33

That Intelligent Rama who was the son of the king of earth, after reviewing the progress achieved in his work as per the instruction of the Lord of the monkeys became extremely happy and looked like a full opened blue lotus flower. 38.34

This is the end of Thirty Eighth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

39. Monkey Chiefs Meet Sugreeva and Rama

[Monkey chiefs and the huge number of soldiers arrive in Kishkinda. Sugreeva requests them to strike tent and become comfortable. Rama is pleased.]

After Sugreeva spoke this way, Rama who was the foremost follower of Dharma, hugged him, saluted him and told him the following. 39.1

"Oh pain giver to your enemies, Oh gentle one Similar to Indra causing rain, to the sun with thousand rays brightens the earth and removes darkness and to the moon who makes the earth pure by his luminosity, it is natural for you to help your friends." 39.2-39.3

"Oh gentle Sugreeva, it is not at all surprising to see you do this auspicious deed as I know you always talk in the pleasant manner." 39.4

"Oh Friend, with your help I would win over all my enemies in war and you being a good hearted friend, you only should help me." 39.5

"That base Rakshasa has taken away Vaidehi, inviting his own destruction like just like Poulomi [Indra's wife and daughter of Puloma] was taken away by Anuhladha [Prahlada's brother] after deceiving Indra." 39.6

"Within a short time I will kill Ravana with sharp arrows, like the father of Poulomi was killed by Indra in war." 39.7

In the mean while the rays of sun increased the heat of the earth and dust started raising in the sky. 39.8

That dust which rose up and spread in all directions and all the directions were masked and the earth including mountains, gardens and forests started shaking. 39.9

The entire land was filled by innumerable numbers of powerful monkeys of mountain size having sharp fangs in a minute. The monkey leaders with a hundred crore attendants who can assume any form at their will came; very strong monkeys from the mountains, rivers and seas monkeys thundering like clouds; and other free monkeys who were wanderers came; monkeys in red colour like the rising Sun, tawny coloured ones like the Moon came; some who were of the colour of white lotus filaments and some monkeys residing in mountain Meru also came there. 39.10-39.13

The valorous monkey called Sathavali accompanied by ten thousand crores prosperous warriors arrived there. 39.14

The valorous father of Tara who looked like a golden mountain came with several ten thousand crores of monkeys following him. 39.15

Then the wise and mighty father of Ruma, the father in law of Sugreeva came with another thousand crores of monkeys accompanying him. 39.16

The wise and prosperous Kesari, the father of hanuman, who was the colour of lotus filaments, who looked like the early morning sun and who was the best and foremost among all monkeys accompanied by many thousands of monkeys made his appearance there. 39.17-39.18

The valorous king of apes Gavaksha with thousand crores monkeys also came there. 39.19

The destroyer of enemies Dhumra, the king of bears came there with two thousand crore bears who can move very fast. 39.20

Panasa the troop leader who had a horrifying look of a mountain came along with three crores of warriors. 39.21

A troop leader called Nila who was like a blue black mountain and who had a huge body came accompanied by ten crores of monkeys. 39.22

Then came another troop leader called Gavaya who looked like a golden mountain surrounded by five crores of monkeys. 39.23

Then came Darimukha leader of troops with thousand crores of monkeys and came near Sugreeva and stood near him. 39.24

The very strong Mainda and Dvividha who are the sons of Asvini Puthras came with thousand crore crores of monkeys. 39.25

The valorous and strong and greatly lustrous Gaja surrounded by three crores of monkeys came and stood before Sugreeva. 39.26

The king of bears and greatly lustrous Jambhavan came with ten crore bears and put them under control of Sugreeva. 39.27

A king of monkeys, the victorious and strong Rumavan surrounded by one hundred crores of monkeys swiftly came and assembled there. 39.28

A monkey called Gandhamadhana hundred and thousand and thousand crores of monkeys following him reached there. 39.29

Then the Yuvaraja Angadha who was equal in prowess to his father came with thousand trillion and also ten trillion monkeys surrounding him. 39.30

Then the greatly valorous Tara [brother of Ruma's father] who shined like a star was seen at a distance accompanied by five crore of monkeys. 39.31

Then the blessed monkey called Indrajanu who was a troop leader of monkeys came with eleven crores of monkeys. 39.32

Then Rambha who was shining like the just rising sun came surrounded with hundred thousand ayatha of army. 39.33

Then a valorous monkey called Yudhapathi who was a strong troop leader appeared with two crores of monkeys. 39.34

Then came Hanuman with very valorous one thousand crore warriors who looked like peaks of Kailasa mountain. 39.35

Then came the very valorous Nala surrounded by with hundred crores plus thousand hundred tree dwelling monkeys. 39.36

Then came the prosperous and great Dadhimukha who was liked by Sugreeva very much followed by ten crores of monkeys. 39.37

Sarabha, Kumuda, Vahni and Ramhi and many other monkey troops who can assume any form at their will and others spread all over the land, mountains and forest advanced towards Sugreeva. All the outstanding monkeys of the earth came and covered the land. 39.38-39.39

Those monkeys came leaping, jumping and roaring like clouds and approached Sugreeva. 39.40

Those monkey leaders were happy, very strong and making many kind of noises, they bowed their head to Sugreeva in reverence. 39.41

Then the monkey greats reached near Sugreeva in groups and saluted him in a proper manner. 39.42

Then at once Sugreeva the follower of Dharma presented all those bull like monkey leaders and saluting him told to the monkeys as follows. 39.43

"You please make yourselves comfortable by side of swift mountain streams and forests and after lodging yourself there Rama, who wants to know your strength would see and inspect you all. 39.44

This is the end of Thirty Ninth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

40. Sugreeva sends Monkey Chiefs to East

[When Sugreeva asks Rama to take command over the monkeys, he tells him that the first job was to search for Janaki and Ravana. Rama requests Sugreeva to take a command of this job. Sugreeva orders Vinatha and his people to search on the eastern side. He gives details of places and people that they may encounter up to Udaya giri, from where the sin rises.]

That king Sugreeva, the king of all monkeys, supported by the massive strength, told Rama, the tiger among men who could kill very strong enemies. 40.1

"The army, who are as great as elephants and who can take any form, has come and settled down here now." 40.2

"Dreadful monkeys who are looking like Daithyas and Rakshasas, who are very heroic and fast and greatly valorous have come here." 40.3

"Oh Rama, these crores of monkeys have earned fame by past deeds, strong, ones who cannot be defeated, famous for their valour, best for doing jobs, those who can move earth and water and those who reside on different mountains, have come and they are your servants." 40.4-40.5

"Oh destroyer of foes, they would follow all your instructions and since they respect their elders, they would fulfill your desire." 40.6

"Those warriors who have come here are in thousands of numbers and greatly valorous and are comparable to Daithyas and Dhanavas." 40.7

"Oh tiger among men, whatever you decide yourself as the proper time, you can give orders to the army and they will obey your orders." 40.8

"The aspects of task that you have in mind is also known to me but it is proper that you do give orders to them." 40.9

When Sugreeva told like this to Rama, the son of Dasaratha, he hugged him to his shoulders and told the following. 40.10

"Oh very wise one, I want to find out whether Janaki is alive or not and I also want to find out where Ravana lives." 40.11

"After reaching the place where Vaidehi lives and also Ravana, I would decide about the proper time in consultation with you." 40.12

"Oh lord of Monkeys, oh king of Monkeys, in this task I do not have the competency nor does Lakshmana and only you are competent." 40.13

"Oh Lord, it is only you who will order in this task of mine for oh valorous one, without any doubt, you are the only one who knows about this job." 40.14

"Oh hero, oh wise one, oh expert in deciding time, you are my second friend, and so please take up suitable action as you are the greatest among those who know the purpose of this activity." 40.15

When Sugreeva was spoken to like this he summoned a troop leader called Vinatha who was like a mountain and roared like a cloud and he told him in presence of Rama and the wise Lakshmana. 40.16

"Oh best of the monkeys who is expert in determining time and place and who can take right decision march ahead with one hundred thousand fast moving monkeys who are like sons of sun and moon to the eastern side with mountains and rivers." 40.17-40.18

"There you search for Sita and the home of Ravana on the peaks of mountain, forests and rivers." 40.19

"You may search for Sita in the beautiful places where rivers Bhagirathi, Sarayu so also to Kausiki, Kalindi flow. You may look for her on the great mountains adjacent to river Yamuna. You may proceed towards rivers Saraswathi, Sindhu, Sonam and Maheem which have crystal clear waters. You may go round earth and the Kala Mahi which is adorned by picturesque mountains and forests. You may proceed to Brahmamala, Videha, Mallava, Kasi, Kosala and Magadha country. In the same way to country of Pundram, Vanga a country of silk worms and land of silver mine." 40.20-40.23

"You should carefully search in these places for the dear wife of Rama who is the daughter-in-law of Dasaratha." 40.24

Those who have taken shelter in the sea, in deep valleys, mountains cities and expansive edge of Mandhara mountain should be thoroughly searched. There are innumerable strong cannibals who cover their ears; there are beings whose ears extend up to the lips, beings with dreadful metallic faces swift moving ones and one footed beings as well. There are Kirata tribes whose tuft hair is set to the sides so that it touches their ears. They have golden complexion and handsome looks. These Kiratas are Island dwellers and they eat uncooked fish. They can move in waters and are dreadful known as tiger like men [Naravyagras].All the resorts of these forest dwellers should be searched well. Those who can be sent by crossing Mountain, those who can leap in air and those who can swim through waters may be used for this purpose." 40.25-40.29

You may go beyond the Java island which is filled with precious gems. It has seven kingdoms. It has gold and silver in abundance and is adorned with gold mines. There is a mountain named Sisira beyond Java Island. It touches the sky with its lofty cliffs. Gods and demons visit this mountain. You may look for illustrious Rama's wife in these inaccessible mountains, waterfalls and forests. 40.30-40.32

"From there you go to the deep swift flowing river Sona with red blood like waters. Then you should cross the sea worshipped by Sidhas and Charanas. You have to search for her in those waters as well in n the pretty variegated forests for the residences of Sita as well as Ravana." 40.33-40.34

"Then is proper for you to search in the big sea islands as well as the sea itself roaring, stirred up by the wind." 40.35

"There are Huge Asuras there who daily catch beings by their shadow and eat them and they have been permitted to do so by Brahma, because they have not eaten for a long time." 40.36

" You may reach that ocean looks like huge black cloud and is full of great serpents through the river and reach a very frightening sea called Lohitha with red waters and you would see there a very huge silk cotton tree." 40.37-40.38
"Then you would see the house of Garuda which is as huge as the Kailasa mountain and decorated by different type of gems which was constructed by Viswa karma." 40.39

"There on the cliff of the mountains huge fearsome Rakshasas called Mandoha would be seen hanging down." 40.40

"Daily as soon as the sun rises they fall in to the water and they would again and again be burnt by the sun and again hang on the cliff and by the chant of Brahmins, they keep on falling in the water again and again." 40.41

"When you who are unassailable proceed further you would see a milky ocean which is similar to the while cloud and looking like a pearl necklace." 40.42

"In the middle of that ocean you would see a great white mountain called Rishabha, which is surrounded by trees having silver flowers which emit great fragrance and there is also a lake Sudarsana inhabited by royal swans and filled with silver lotus flowers with golden filaments." 40.43-40.44

"The deities, Charanas, Yakshas, Kinnaras, Apsara groups would keep on coming to the lotus lake with joy for enjoying it." 40.45

"Oh Monkeys after crossing that ocean of milk, you will see a watery ocean which frightens all beings." 40.46

"There born out of its great anger of this ocean, the great being with a horse face is created, which eats away all moving and non moving beings." 40.47

"There you would hear the pathetic wails of those helpless creatures living in the sea as they are eaten away by this fire faced creature." 40.48

"Thirteen Yojanas north of this fresh water ocean, there is a great golden mountain called Jatharoopasila." 40.49

"There on the top of the mountain you would see a thousand headed godly serpent named Anantha who carries the earth and has the luster of the moon, is clothed in blue and has eyes like petal of lotus flowers, which is saluted by all the world." 40.50-40.51

"To that great one who lives on the top of the mountain, there is a triple crowned golden flag with Tala tree inlaid in it and it looks splendid." 40.52

"The gods of heaven have made all the arrangements in the east and beyond that is the golden mountain of Sun-rise. Its peak has touches the heaven and it has spread over an area of hundred yojanas and that peak edge is golden and looks divine with an altar in it." 40.53-40.54

"With Sala tree, palms, Tamala trees and Karnikara trees in full bloom with golden flowers, it shines like the Sun. 40.55

"There surely spread over ten Yojanas and standing tall to ten yojanas is a peak called Soumanasa." 40.56

"When Vishnu, the greatest being, took the incarnation of Trivikrama, he kept his first foot there and kept his second foot on mount Meru." 40.57

"The Sun goes round on the northern direction of that mount as well as Jambu Dweepa [island] and then he would be visible to all the world." 40.58

"There the great sages of the colour of the sun god called Vaikanasas and Valakilyas are shining." 40.59

"In front of it an island called Sudarsana would be shining and luster of the eyes of all beings rests there." 40.60

"You may search for Ravana and Vaidehi on the top of the peak, its caves as well as its forests." 40.61

"Due to the golden mountain and the great sun god, the early morning there shines with red colour." 40.62

"Earlier this was the entry point of the earth and the world and the sun always rises from this mountain." 40.63

"You may search for Vaidehi and Ravana on the plateaus of the mountain, in the mountain streams and in its caves," 40.64

"If you cannot go beyond that as it is guarded by the Gods and with moon and sun being absent only darkness prevails there." 40.65

"You please search for Janaki in all those mountains, caves and also forests and not only in places indicated by me but also in other places." 40.66

"Oh Lord of monkeys, monkeys go only up to that place as for the places beyond darkness prevails without Sun and the moon." 40.67

"After reaching the udaya mountain and searching for the homes of Vaidehi and Ravana, you should return within a month." 40.68

"If you stay beyond one month, you would be killed by me. You may reach that place, see Sita and return after accomplishing the task." 40.69

"Go to the east, covered with forest and which is liked by Indra and travelling carefully with other monkeys, find out Sita, the dear one of Raghu clan and after returning you would be happy." 40.70

This is the end of Fortieth Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

41. Sugreeva sends Monkey Chiefs to South

[Sugreeva sends to the south great monkeys like Hanuman, Jambhavan etc under the command of Angadha. He gives detail description of the route as well as the places that they are likely to see.]

After the great Vanara army started towards the east as per orders of Sugreeva, he wanted to send a desirable army group towards the south. 41.1

Sugreeva, who had special sense, commanded; Nila [son of fire God], Hanuman [monkey], the strong Jambhavan [son of Lord Brahma], Suhothra, Sareeri, Saragulma, Gaja, Gavaksha, Gavya, Sushenamrushabha, Maindha, Dwividha, Vijaya, Gandhamadhana [sons of fire God], Ulkhamukha, and Asaga and the prominent Angadha, who were all valorous and leaders of groups of monkeys and who were endowed with speed and valour and told them. 41.2-41.5

He made the strong Angadha to lead them and sent those monkey warriors to the southern direction. 41.6

Then the monkey king gave them all an account of the inaccessible places to those monkey chiefs. 41.7

"Search for her in the thousand peaked Vindhya full of trees and climbers, the pretty Narmadha river with many great serpents, the pretty river Godavari, the great river Krishnaveni, the Varada river, the Mahabhaga river which is full of great serpents the rivers Mekhala, Uthkhala, the towns of Dasranas Aswavanthi and Avanthi." 41.8-41.10

"You may thoroughly search for her in Vidharbha country, even Rishika, the pretty Mahishaka and all over Vanga, Kalinga and Kaushika. Search for her in all rivers, mountains and caves in Dandakaranya, river Godavari, Andhra, Pundra, Chola country, Pandya country as well as in Kerala." 41.11-41.12

"Go to the Ayomukha mountain rich in its ores and having wonderful peaks and a rich forest full of colourful forests in bloom and that great mountain has a good sandalwood track, Search for her there." 41.13-41.14

"Then you will come across the divine river Cauvery with its pure and scared waters and in it you would see Apsara maidens playing." 41.15

"Then you would see the great and noble sage Agasthya who shines like Sun God sitting on the top of the Malaya mountain." 41.16

"Then with the permission of that great sage, who would be pleased with you, you have to cross the great river Tambraparni full of crocodiles." 41.17

"With divine sandalwood forests and several covered and wonderful islands, it goes towards the ocean like a wife happily goes to her husband." 41.18

"Oh monkeys, you would find a permanent divine golden gate of the Pandyas decorated by pearls there." 41.19

"Then you would reach the sea and have to take a decision on your future course there. Please know that sage Agasthya has placed a prosperous Mahendra mountain in side the sea. That great Mahendra Mountain is great to look at, filled with colourful trees and Gold and is immersed in the sea." 41.20-41.21

"That mountain with different kinds of colourful trees and vines is frequented by devathas, sages and prominent Yakshas, Sidhas, Apsaras and Charanas. It is exceedingly delightful and the thousand-eyed Mahendra keeps visiting this place during full and new Moon days." 41.22-41.23

"On the other side at a distance of hundred yojanas and inaccessible to human beings there is a lustrous and great island and you may explore this also." 41.24

"In that place you have to specially search for Sita, for that is the place of the punishable and bad soul Ravana, who is the chief of all Rakshasas who is in radiance equal to the thousand eyed Indra." 41.25

"In the middle of the southern sea, there is Rakshasi well known as Angaraka, who attracts the shadows and eats beings." 41.26

"By identifying this, you can clear all your doubts and you may look for the wife of the king of matchless luster there." 41.27

"After crossing another one hundred yojanas in the auspicious sea you would find a mountain called Puspathaka inhabited by Sidhas and Charanas." 41.28

"It is as bright as sun and moon and surrounded by sea waters and its peak extend up to the sky and appear like they are scratching the sky." 41.29

"The sun takes rest on its golden peak and the moon takes rest on the silver peak but mean people and atheists would not be able see it." 41.30-41.31

"Oh monkeys, you bow your head to this great mountain and cross it and after crossing it you would see a mountain called Suryavanam but is fourteen Yojanas away and it would be very difficult to cover that distance." 41.32

"When you cross that mountain you would come across a mountain called Vidhyutha and it is pretty in all seasons and it has trees yielding fruits which fulfill all our desires." 41.33

"Oh monkeys after eating those auspicious and divine fruits and roots and drinking that best of honey you can go further." 41.34

"There is a mountain called Kunjara there which is pleasing to the eyes and mind and on the top of it Viswakarma has constructed a home for Agasthya." 41.35

"That home of Agasthya is one Yojana broad and ten yojanas in height and is made of hold with several types of gems inlaid on it." 41.36

"And there is a town called Bhogawathi where serpents have their homes, which is broad and very difficult to reach and is always protected by the sharp and greatly poisoned teeth of serpents and the great king of serpents Vasuki lives there." 41.37-41.38

"Come out of that abode and search allover the city of Bhogavati and also search all the possible secret places attached to that city. They are all well guarded." 41.39

"Once you cross that place you would come across Rishabha mountain which looks like a standing bull and it is rich and studded with different type of gems." 41.40

"There grows sandal trees of amazing colours grow by themselves in colours such as Gorochana, Padmaka, greenish black and red as fire." 41.41

"Do not at any time touch those sandalwood trees because that forest is guarded by horrifying Gandharwas called Rohithas." 41.42

There reside five Gandharwa kings named Sailusha, Graamani, Sigru, Subhra and Babhru who have the radiance like the Sun. It is a residence of meritorious people who glow like Sun, Moon and Fire. 41.43-41.44

"In that place people after death who have earned a place in heaven stay there and beyond that is the dreadful place of deceased ancestors. It is not possible to enter there." 41.45

"Beyond that place exists the capital of God of death which is filled with darkness and suffering, and you people, oh Lord of monkeys cannot go beyond that. There is no way for anyone to go beyond that." 41.46

"Search in all these places and also in other places and after finding the path of Vaidehi, you may return." 41.47

"He who returns within a month and tells me "I have seen Sita", will get as much riches and pleasures like myself." 41.48

"No one would be dearer than him to me and I would deem him more than life and even if he does any mistakes, he would be dear and close to me." 41.49

"You are all extremely strong and all of you are thorough breds and so put in great efforts to find the king of man's daughter and let your pursuit be meritorious." 41.50

This is the end of Forty First Sarga of Kishkinda Kanda which occurs in Holy Ramayana composed by Valmiki as the First Epic.

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